To ensure students have an engaging learning experience, faculty are encouraged to include a variety of interaction types in their course design. Interaction types include student-to-student, faculty-to-student, and student-to-course content. Faculty can leverage many tools within Canvas to facilitate many essential interactions in a course. Some common elements of interaction include the following:
- Synchronous interactions that support the direct and real-time interactions between individuals.
- Asynchronous interactions that support the indirect interactions between individuals.
- Student-to-student initiated or led interactions.
- Student interaction with course-related content.
- Faculty initiated or led interactions.
Regular and substantive interactions represent the frequency and type of activities within an online class that allow participants to exchange knowledge, information, concepts, and ideas in a manner that promotes thoughtful learning through active engagement with people, content, and resources.
Regular interactions are dictated by the learning activity within the course and may vary in frequency throughout the course. These types of interactions can fall into a number of overlapping categories:
- Weekly course summaries describing the upcoming week’s activities or summarizing the previous week’s results.
- Course logistics such as reminders or other types of communications such as statements of policies, change of dates, or general course announcements.
- Feedback and assessment related to completion of assignments.
Substantive interactions are those that promote active learning and thoughtful reflection and that provide opportunities to expand understanding and knowledge. Substantive interactions often take the form of instructor feedback to students on various assessments.
While UMKC does not dictate specific parameters regarding “regular interactions” and/or timely responses, the following table provides examples of best practices toward regular interactions and timely responses based on the Quality Matters rubric and the Online Learning Consortium scorecard.
|24 – 48 hour response time|
|Q & A discussion forum||24 -48 hour response time|
|Announcements||1 per week|
|Assessment feedback (e.g. papers, projects, journals, assignments, etc.)||1 week from due date (notify students if there is a delay from the feedback response time indicated in the course syllabus)|
48 hour feedback response time if synchronous presentation
1 week from due date feedback response time if asynchronous presentation
The following resources are provided for additional background information and to assist faculty in determining the best interaction types for their course design.
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